Driven to Lead: What Makes People Tick?

“Our understanding of leadership can be no better than our understanding of what makes humans, all humans, tick — what are the ultimate motivators of our behavior.” ~ Warren Bennis

Leadership is about relationships with others. You cannot lead without understanding the innate drives that are essential to human development and survival.

Decades of research have given us numerous theories about drive and motivation, including:

Scientists have fragmented the search for the most fundamental drives that make humans tick. Every discipline has proposed a different theory that contains some truths, as viewed through the discrete lenses of:

  • Cultural anthropology
  • Sociology
  • Psychology
  • Genetics
  • Evolutionary biology
  • Economics
  • Neurology

Perhaps the most noteworthy deduction about human behavior can be attributed to Charles Darwin’s scientific studies, published more than 150 years ago. In The Descent of Man (1871), the British naturalist observed that the most important distinction between humans and the lower species is our innate moral sense: our conscience.

The Four-Drive Theory

Humans have evolved to survive differently from other animals. We have endured as a species because we learned to work in groups and rely on problem-solving skills, rather than brute force, inborn physical capacities and instincts.

The late Harvard Business School Professor Paul R. Lawrence suggests that Darwin’s insights about human drives have largely been ignored. In Driven: How Human Nature Shapes Our Choices (Jossey-Bass, 2002), he and Harvard Business School Dean Nitin  Nohria propose a theory of human behavior based on “renewed Darwinism” and four key drives:

  1. To acquire what we need for survival, conception and our offspring’s survival. This drive far surpasses our drives to acquire food, water, warmth and a mate. We are driven to attain things that interest us, give us a sense of identity and meet our loved ones’ needs.
  2. To defend ourselves and our offspring from threats. We’ll protect our family and groups to which we belong, our ideas and beliefs, our sense of pride and hope, and our self-image.
  3. To bond and form long-term, mutually caring and trusting relationships with others.
  4. To comprehend (to learn, create, innovate, and make sense of the world and our place in it).

Can you identify your own motivations in each of these drives? How are you driven to acquire, defend, bond and comprehend? When you work with a coach, you will gain a deeper understanding of yourself through the lenses of these four driving motivations. Learning what motivates you as an individual will help you to be more productive and more satisfied in both your work and home life. Contact me if you’re interested in learning more about what makes you tick.

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